Attorney Legal Services
Boston Legal
Boston Legal Abc
Continuing Legal Education
Debt Settlement Legal
Free Legal Aid
Free Legal Contract
Free Legal Document
Free Legal Form
Free Legal Form Download
Free Legal Form Online
Free Legal Wills
Free Online Legal Advice
Gay Marriage Legal
Home School Legal Defense
Legal Age
Legal Aid
Legal Aid Society
Legal Aide
Legal Bud
Legal Contract
Legal Credit Repair
Legal Definition
Legal Document
Legal Drinking Age
Legal Drug
Legal Form
Legal Guardian
Legal Help
Legal Highs
Legal Information
Legal Issue
Legal Jobs
Legal Letter
Legal Malpractice
Legal Name Change
Legal News
Legal Notice
Legal Nurse
Legal Nurse Consulting
Legal Question
Legal Resource
Legal Sea Food
Legal Secretary
Legal Separation
Legal Services
Legal Software
Legal Staffing
Legal Teen
Legal Terms
Legal Transcription
Legal Wills
Online Legal Dictionary
Pre Paid Legal
Pre Paid Legal Services
Pre Paid Legal Services Inc
Prepaid Legal
Prepaid Legal Scam
Prepaid Legal Services
Street Legal




Supreme Court Decides Against Grokster In File Sharing Decision

By Richard A. Chapo

The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled peer-to-peer sites such as Grokster, Kazaa and Morpheus can be held responsible for copyright infringement by their users. In a rare 9-0 decision in favor of Plaintiff MGM, the Justices held that a business distributing technology with the active intent of promoting copyright violations could not escape liability for subsequent copyright infringements. Although unanimous, the ruling is a strained effort to isolate file sharing from other industries.

In arguing their position, Grokster had relied on previous rulings regarding VHS technology. In a 1984 case, the Supreme Court ruled the makers of VHS recorders could not be held liable for copyright piracy by users of the machines. The Court specifically ruled that VHS and any other technology with "substantially non-infringing uses" could not be held responsible if individuals illegally taped movies or shows off of television. Indeed, lower courts had ruled in favor of Grokster using the VHS ruling as precedent. So, what's the difference between the two technologies?

In a somewhat tortured reasoning, the Justices distinguished the two cases by focusing on the "intent" of the companies. If a company distributes a technology with the intent that it be used by third parties for copyright infringement, then it is responsible. "Intent" is shown by a company making a "clear expression" of such intent or taking affirmative steps in said direction.

Writing the opinion, Justice Souter explained:

"There is no evidence that Grokster…made an effort to filter copyrighted material from users' downloads or otherwise impede the sharing of copyrighted files,"

He further explained,

"The company showed itself to be aiming to satisfy a known source of demand for copyright infringement, the market comprising former Napster users."

No Nail In The Coffin

The entertainment industry is trumpeting the end of file sharing. This ruling is no such thing. To understand the impact of the ruling, a brief discussion of legal procedure is necessary.

The Supreme Court decision does not find Grokster liable for anything. Instead, it simply reverses a lower court ruling that Grokster could not possibly be found liable. As a result, the case will return to the trial court and eventually go to trial. In the trial, the Plaintiff will have to prove that Grokster distributed file-sharing software with the intent that it be used for copyright infringement. Proving such a case will not be easy since “intent” is a vague concept.

In Closing

The decision of the Supreme Court provides the entertainment industry with a basis for pursuing file sharing companies. Is file sharing at an end? Not likely.

About the author:
Richard Chapo, Esq., is a business lawyer with SanDiegoBusinessLawFirm.com - providing San Diego businesses with legal services. This article is for general education purposes and does not address every facet of the subject matter. Nothing in this article creates an attorney-client relationship.

Circulated by Article Emporium


  4NetParalegal.com Copyright 2006. All Rights Reserved.